1.68 million new cancer cases are diagnosed each year in the United States. As of 2014, there are more than 14.5 million cancer survivors in the US. With the number of survivors continuously growing, there is an increasing need for resources and support to help them get back to everyday life and work after diagnosis and treatment.
The Intersection of Work and Cancer
Reports by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Cancer Institute and the American Cancer Society estimate that the number of survivors (defined as anyone who has been diagnosed with cancer) will reach almost 18 million in the next decade. Men have slightly less than a one in two lifetime risk of developing cancer; for women, the risk is a little more than one in three. These numbers only validate what many of us already know to be true: These days you’re hard pressed to find someone who doesn’t have a cancer story, whether they were the one diagnosed, or a family member, spouse, friend, teacher, coworker, etc. Not only are more people being diagnosed with cancer, but more people are surviving and living long after.
As the number of cancer survivors continues to increase, the need for support around survivorship issues, such as working during and after treatment, is becoming more and more important. Here are some statistics that demonstrate just a few of the ways that cancer and work intersect today:
of people newly diagnosed in 2014 were of working age.1
Cancer survivors are more likely to be unemployed.2
of cancer survivors still report work limitations affected by cancer-related problems 1–5 years after diagnosis.3
cancer discrimination claims were received by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 2016.
Cancer and Careers and Harris Interactive conducted a survey in 2015 to better understand the current needs of working people with cancer. The survey found that the majority of cancer survivors and people with cancer are eager to continue working but need support to balance their health and work demands. Findings from the survey help to illuminate the importance of supporting survivors in their workplaces:
Top three reasons to continue working after a diagnosis
Need to work for financial reasons
Currently feel well enough
Want to keep things as normal as possible
of surveyed cancer survivors said that cancer recovery is aided by the routine nature of work
of survivors looking for a job feel prospective employers would treat them differently if they knew about their diagnosis.
In 2010 a Livestrong survey found that 98% of cancer survivors experienced the physical (i.e., pain), emotional (i.e., emotional distress) and practical (e.g., financial) concerns of post-treatment survivorship. Only 20% of survey respondents received help with their practical concerns. Support around these survivorship issues is essential in order for people to thrive in their lives and workplaces post treatment.
1 SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1975–2012, National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2012/
2 JAMA. 2009;301(7):753-762. Doi.1001/jama.2009.187
3 de Moor, J. S. (2010), Work and Cancer Survivors. Edited by Michael Feuerstein. Springer, New York, 2009. No. of pages: 350. ISBN 978-0-387-72040-1. Psycho-Oncology, 19: 332–333. doi: 10.1002/pon.1634
4 ADA CHARGE DATA by IMPAIRMENTS/BASES - RECEIPTS FY 1997 - FY 2014. (n.d.). www.eeoc.gov/eeoc/statistics/enforcement/ada-receipts.cfm